The great white shark is still considered as the king of the seas. The animal can be found in many different bodies of water around the world. They live in large groups and often move across an entire ocean. Their reputation is not the best as they are dangerous and mean. The number of animals living in the wild is controversial. It varies from 4,000 to 25,000. From a scientific point of view, the white sharks belong to the family of mackerel sharks. The Latin name means jagged teeth and refers to the impressive teeth of the animals.
The teeth in the upper jaw are broad and triangular; those in the lower jaw are narrow and pointed. That is how the great white sharks can grab and hold their victims correctly. If a shark loses a tooth, a new one grows immediately. That applies to its whole life. They have been around for 400 million years. Since then, the perfect hunters have roamed the world’s oceans. The great white sharks have excellent senses. Their eyes can see in a dim light and even at dusk. If a shark goes into the attack, a skin slides over the eyes, and the eyeball shifts backward. So, the vulnerable area is ideally protected.
Born to Hunt
With its long gill slits, this fish absorbs the oxygen from the water. That means a shark always has enough energy even during the attacks. Its scales reduce resistance when swimming. So-called electrical sensors sit between his nose and his snout, as a result, the great white shark perceives the electric fields that its prey emits when it moves. That gives the perfect radar to track down his opponents. The taste buds are spread all over his body. That means the friction is enough to recognize a prey. These sharks can smell blood over long distances and a single drop in relation to the amount of water in a large swimming pool is sufficient. The fish can determine relatively quickly where the blood can be found, so a shark just moves its head back and forth.The females are between 4 and 5 meters long and weigh around two tons. The males become a bit smaller and lighter. Nevertheless, the great white shark is the largest predator fish in the world. Their top speed is 50 kilometers per hour, and they can dive up to 1,200 meters deep. The white sharks eat marine animals such as seals, squid, tuna, and even small whales. They live all around the oceans, but mainly can be found on the coasts in temperate zones. These include the Atlantic coast near the United States and the beaches in the south of Australia and Africa. Coldwater does not bother the great white shark, because it can regulate its body temperature if necessary. The fish bear live young. After 18 months, the females give birth to between two and fourteen young sharks. Her fascination has not been unbroken since Steven Spielberg’s famous film.